clot n : a lump of material formed from the content of a liquid [syn: coagulum]
1 change from a liquid to a thickened or solid state; "coagulated blood" [syn: coagulate]
2 cause to change from a liquid to a solid or thickened state [syn: coagulate]
- Rhymes with: -ɒt
- Finnish: hyytynyt veripisara
- French: caillot
- German: Blutgerinnsel
- Hungarian: vérrög
- Italian: coagulo
- Spanish: coágulo
a silly person
- Finnish: typerys
- German: Trottel
to form into a slimy mass
- German: Klumpen bilden, klumpen
A thrombus, or blood clot, is the final product of the blood coagulation step in hemostasis. It is achieved via the aggregation of platelets that form a platelet plug, and the activation of the humoral coagulation system (i.e. clotting factors). A thrombus is physiologic in cases of injury, but pathologic in case of thrombosis.
Specifically, a thrombus is a blood clot in an intact blood vessel. A thrombus in a large blood vessel will decrease blood flow through that vessel. In a small blood vessel, blood flow may be completely cut-off resulting in death of tissue supplied by that vessel. If a thrombus dislodges and becomes free-floating, it is an embolus.
Some of the conditions which elevate risk of blood clots developing include atrial fibrillation (a form of cardiac arrhythmia), heart valve replacement, a recent heart attack, extended periods of inactivity (see deep venous thrombosis), and genetic or disease-related deficiencies in the blood's clotting abilities.
Blood clot prevention reduces the risk of stroke, heart attack and pulmonary embolism. Heparin and warfarin are often used to inhibit the formation and growth of existing blood clots; they are able to decrease blood coagulation by inhibiting vitamin K epoxide reductase, an enzyme that recycles oxidated vitamin K to its reduced form after it has participated in the carboxylation of several blood coagulation proteins, mainly prothrombin and factor VII.
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) involves widespread microthrombi formation throughout the majority of the blood vessels. This is due to excessive consumption of coagulation factors and fibrinolysis using all of the body's available platelets and clotting factors. The end result is ischaemic necrosis of the affected tissue/organs and spontaneous bleeding due to the lack of clotting factors. Causes are septicaemia, acute leukaemia, shock, snake bites or severe trauma. Treatment involves the use of fresh, frozen plasma to restore the level of clotting factors in the blood.
- Treatment and Symptoms of Blood Clots -- Med-Help.net, Medical Information Resource, 1999
- North American Thrombosis Forum - NATF is a nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting thrombosis research, prevention and education, public policy, and advocacy outreach.
- Muscle Relaxing Drugs Can Reduce Lethal Blood Clots
- Air Pollution Triggers Blood Clots - US Study.
- The National Alliance for Thrombosis and Thrombophilia - The mission of the National Alliance for Thrombosis and Thrombophilia is to prevent, diagnose and treat thrombosis and thrombophilia through research, education, support and advocacy. The site contains extensive educational materials about thrombosis and thrombophilia.
clot in Arabic: جلطة
clot in German: Thrombus
clot in Spanish: Trombosis
clot in Esperanto: Trombo
clot in French: Thrombus
clot in Italian: Trombo
clot in Lithuanian: Trombas
clot in Hungarian: Thrombus
clot in Japanese: 血栓
clot in Polish: Zakrzep
clot in Portuguese: Trombo
clot in Quechua: Sirk'a unquy
clot in Russian: Тромб
clot in Swedish: Blodpropp
clot in Danish: Blodprop
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